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Valhalla Golf Club

Valhalla Golf Club, located east of Louisville, Kentucky, is a private golf club designed by Jack Nicklaus, opened in 1986.

In 1992, Valhalla was selected to host the PGA Championship in the year 1996, one of golf's four majors. The following year (1993), the PGA of America purchased a 25% interest in the club. After the championship in 1996, the PGA of America raised its stake to 50% and announced that the event would return to Valhalla in 2000. At its conclusion, the PGA of America exercised an option to purchase the remaining interest in the club. Later that year, it announced that the Ryder Cup would be held at Valhalla in 2008.

Valhalla also hosted the PGA Club Professional Championship in 2002 and the Senior PGA Championship in 2004. The PGA Championship was originally scheduled to be played at Valhalla in 2004, but the PGA of America switched it to Whistling Straits in Wisconsin. [3]

In 2009, the PGA of America announced that the Senior PGA Championship and the PGA Championship would return to Valhalla in 2011 and 2014, respectively. in November 2017, the PGA of America announced that the PGA Championship would return to Valhalla in 2024. [4]

The course sits on a 486-acre (2.0 km 2 ) property on Shelbyville Road (US 60) in the eastern portion of Louisville just outside the Gene Snyder Freeway (I-265) It was envisioned by local business leader Dwight Gahm (pronounced "game") and his three sons in 1981, and opened five years later. Steve Houg is the head professional as of March 2016.

Valhalla History

Welcome to the historic Valhalla, a colorful piece of Sausalito’s past, and until recently the longest running restaurant establishment in Sausalito!

This structure was designed by San Francisco Architect Wildrich Winterhalter and constructed in 1893 by Wheeler and Perry contractors for Joseph “Al” Lowder, a former owner of the Buffalo Hotel, which was located on the waterfront near present day Yee Tock Chee Park. Originally named Walhalla, it was designed as a German Biergarten, housing a large bar, restaurant and dance hall inside with an outdoor covered dining terrace where food and drink were also served. Lowder, and later lessee Henry Siems, both owned their own fishing boats which provided ample fresh seafood to serve their patrons. Siems continued running the establishment as a restaurant and bar until Prohibition was passed in 1919.

During Prohibition, Walhalla was a thriving point of in bootlegging trade. Small boats would row into Shelter Cove, usually under the cover of night or heavy fog and bury alcohol containing bundles in the sand under the building. Walhalla by this time was being run as a “Soft Drink Parlor” by Lowder’s wife, Annie. In 1921, Prohibition officers raided Walhalla after a report of a suspicious trap door in the floor of the building and a large number of small boats hidden among the pilings. In all, officers confiscated 478 quarts of alcohol and arrested Annie Lowder “kicking and screaming.”

In 1932, Lester Joseph Gillis, infamously known as Baby Face Nelson, worked at Walhalla as a bartender while evading the law after committing numerous armed robberies. Another prominent bootlegging individual associated with Walhalla was Gillis’ partner, John Paul Chase of Sausalito who, along with Gillis, would later join the notorious John Dillinger gang.

With the repeal of Prohibition in 1933, Walhalla re-established itself as a legitimate bar. It became a popular watering hole among all walks of Sausalito, and was colorfully remembered by locals as the “saloon with sawdust covered floors”, and not so much as a restaurant. There were numerous rooms upstairs rented by local artists well into the 1940s.

During this period, two movies were filmed at Walhalla: “The Fishing Fleet” (1924) and “The Lady from Shanghai” with Orson Welles and Rita Hayworth (1948).

In 1946, the structure was purchased by Sally Stanford, a former San Francisco madam, who changed the name from Walhalla to Valhalla. Years of neglect had left the structure in a rather dilapidated state and Stanford rehabilitated it, extended and glassed in the original outdoor dining area into a large dining room. In 1975, a large private banquet room was constructed on the northeast side and the original clapboard siding was covered with cedar shingles.

Stanford, born Mabel Janice Busby on May 5, 1903, arrived in California in 1924. By 1940 was madam of one of San Francisco’s most elegant bordellos on Nob Hill. After being raided in the late 1940s, she retired to running Valhalla. Stanford would run for Sausalito City Council six times using her pseudonym Marsha Owen before winning in 1972 using Sally Stanford on the ballot. Stanford was appointed Mayor in 1976 after winning re-election by a landslide, and would serve a total of three terms on the Council prior to her death in 1982 at the age of 78.

Climate and Weather

Some players have noticed how many shots of snowy mountains there are to be seen in Valhalla, and a historian who did their thesis on 13th century environmental history claims that Valhalla's portrayal of weather and the climate is totally wrong. Some British landscape shots and settings portrayed in Assassin's Creed Valhalla were given extra snowy mountaintops, probably to add variety and contrast, but 873 was most likely during the Medieval Warm Period. A low-scale ice age started later in the Middle Ages, nearer to the 1200s, which takes place a lot later than Valhalla does.

The Norwegian climate also doesn't make sense, with the day-night cycle suggesting an October time frame, meaning that the sailing season would be ending and some in-game events wouldn't be happening at the right time. It's also confusing how in-game there's snow on much of the ground, yet there are also fresh vegetables and fruits. One doesn't have to be a historian to know that growing vegetables in the snow is only possible with modern greenhouses.

Most likely, the designers were trying to create dramatic shots and icy landscapes to show off the harsh lives of Assassin's Creed Valhalla Vikings, and historical accuracy wasn't a key concern.

Vikings: Valhalla: Cast, Characters, and Everything Else to Know About the Spin-Off

Vikings concluded its six-season run in 2020, and as sad as we were to say goodbye to the Lothbrok family, we can take comfort in knowing that the action-packed drama will live on in a spin-off series. Vikings: Valhalla was picked up by Netflix in November 2019. Unlike many spin-offs, which follow characters from the original series in a different phase of their lives, Valhalla will be set a century after the original series and follow the lives of brand-new characters to the Vikings universe.

Here's everything we know about Vikings: Valhalla so far.

The cast has been revealed. Netflix announced the cast of Vikings: Valhalla in January 2021. The main cast includes Sam Corlett, Frida Gustavsson, Leo Suter, Bradley Freegard, Jóhannes Jóhannesson, Laura Berlin, David Oakes, and Caroline Henderson. Pollyanna McIntonish and Asbjørn Krogh Nissen will also be featured in recurring roles.

It's set 100 years after the conclusion of Vikings. We've already covered a few decades in Vikings' six seasons, but fans are going to experience a huge jump forward in time when Valhalla picks up 100 years after the events of the original series. Given the timing and some of the characters involved, it's likely that Valhalla will detail the tail-end of the Vikings era -- which is also fitting given the show is named after the mystical hall Viking warriors believed they'd go to after their deaths.

It might not premiere for a while. It was initially reported that Vikings: Valhalla was set begin production in 2020, with an assumed premiere date of sometime in 2021. However, due to the coronavirus pandemic, it's unknown at this time how the release may be affected and if we may have to wait until 2022.

It won't be written by Michael Hirst. Although Vikings was written entirely by creator Michael Hirst, he won't be as hands-on with Valhalla. Instead, the series will be written and executive produced by Jeb Stuart (Die Hard, The Fugitive). Hirst will be involved with Valhalla, but clarified to TV Guide in November 2019 that he won't "write whole episodes."

It will feature several of the most famous Vikings. The series will follow the adventures of notable Vikings Leif Erikson (Sam Corlett), the first European to travel to North America (excluding Greenland) Freydis (Frida Gustavsson), Leif's sister, who was a fearless and ambitious warrior (and not one to be confused with Ivar's wife Freydis in Vikings) and Harald Sigurdsson (Leo Suter), a King of Norway who unsuccessfully tried to claim the Danish and English thrones.

The series' other regular characters include King Canute (Bradley Freegard), the King of Denmark Olaf Haraldson (Jóhannes Jóhannesson), Harald's older half-brother the wealthy Emma of Normandy (Laura Berlin) Earl Godwin (David Oakes), the chief counselor to the King of England and Jarl Haakon (Caroline Henderson), leader of Kattegat.

Vikings fans have probably met Leif and Freydis' ancestor already. The real Leif and Freydis were the children of Erik the Red (Eric Johnson), who was introduced as a character in Vikings' sixth season. Given that Valhalla takes place 100 years after Vikings, there's no way that Leif and Freydis can be Erik's children, but we still assume they will likely be descendants of his.

It will feature one of Rollo's descendants. Rollo (Clive Standen) hasn't been a mainstay of Vikings since Season 4, but one of his descendants, William the Conqueror, will be a central figure in the new series. Historically, William the Conqueror became the first Norman King of England when he took the throne after King Edward the Confessor's death. Also known as William the Bastard, William's illegitimate status meant that his quest for power was plagued with problems from a very young age. But he established his authority, quashed the rebellions that threatened him, and eventually built an army that successfully invaded England, securing the throne for himself after beating Harold Godwinson in Battle of Hastings.

Katheryn Winnick will not appear, but is opening to directing. Vikings fans fell in love with Katheryn Winnick and her portrayal of the legendary shieldmaiden Lagertha, but they shouldn't expect her to suit up in armor again for the new spin-off. Winnick told TV Guide in January 2020 that she had no intentions of playing a Viking character again, but that she would happily consider being involved behind the scenes. When speaking on the possibility of directing an episode of Valhalla, Winnick said, "of course I'd be open to any reason to go back to Ireland even if it's just [to spend] time with my co-workers, it's always a great one, and say hello to everybody because they are my family over there."

Alexander Ludwig hasn't ruled out returning to the world of Vikings. Speaking with TV Guide after Vikings' final season had wrapped, Alexander Ludwig, who starred as Bjorn Ironside, said he may not have shut the door on the franchise. "This might not be the end of my time with Bjorn," Ludwig teased. "Netflix has just picked up a new spin-off series and I know there have been chats about possibly doing films about it. And I do think that there's a lot more story that can be told with this show if it was done the right way. There's just so much incredible history in the Vikings culture, so who knows?"

Of course, the fact that Valhalla takes place 100 years after the flagship drama would make it difficult for Bjorn to appear as anything other than some sort of vision. However, there's nothing stopping Ludwig from appearing on the spin-off as a brand-new character.

It will maintain a lot of the elements of the original series. When speaking with TV Guide in November 2019, Vikings' Michael Hirst said he wanted Valhalla to have "the same values and virtues" that the original series had. "[Vikings] does have poetry and it does have spiritual and it does have women characters who are just as great as male characters. And I know that Jeb intends that to continue," Hirst said.

We're getting a ton of episodes. Although Netflix seasons usually aren't more than 13 episodes, the streamer ordered 24 episodes of Vikings: Valhalla out of the gate. The most recent seasons of Vikings consisted of 20-episode seasons airing in two 10-episode halves. There's a chance that Netflix will break form to follow this pattern, delivering one season split up into two 12-episode halves (it's already done it with other shows). There's also still a chance it will decide to package the 24 episodes into two separate seasons as well. We just can't imagine Netflix dropping 24 episodes of a season all at once.

Vikings is available to stream on Amazon and Hulu. The final 10 episodes of the series are currently streaming on Amazon.

Why are you heading to England?

Around the time of Assassins Creed: Valhalla, Norway was the center of the Viking world. It wasn't a country like it is today, but rather made up of several small entities called petty kingdoms. These petty kingdoms were made up of clans, and each had its own leader: a jarl or chieftain king.

These kingdoms weren't the most peaceful places to live. They didn't stay in their respective lanes, and were often at war with each other, encroaching on territory or settling blood feuds that spanned generations.

While you were busy keeping Fjordane from stealing your land, you were also fighting Hadeland because their great-grandfather looked at your great-grandfather the wrong way. It was a poor use of everyone's time.

In 872-873 CE, when Valhalla begins, the petty kingdoms of Norway were unified by Norway's first king: King Harald Fairhair. Harry had inherited a few kingdoms from his father, and conquered a few more along the way. This regional conquering clearly got Harry all cocky, leading to his desire to unite all of Norway.


Early in the game, our hero Eivor meets this King Harald Fairhair. Assassins Creed's King Harald is a young and kind (and fair-haired) king, with a desire to unite Norway under one banner -- his. In Valhalla, Harald comes to Eivor offering the peace and stability of a united country if Clan Raven bends the knee.

The Nords, in both Valhalla and real life, got a compromise. On one hand, everyone could put their differences aside and not have to fight the battles of their grandparents or worry. On the other, they must give up their titles and lands to Harald and be his subjects rather than equals. It's a win-win, if by win-win you mean one person wins and everyone else pays taxes to that person for the rest of their lives.

See also

Many of the jarls, tired from years of bloodshed, take up his offer and swear fealty to him. It's with this backdrop that, in Valhalla, Eivor's foster father Styrbjorn also swears fealty to King Herald. Great! Except Styrbjorn didn't mention his plans to give up the titles promised to his son, Sigurd. Not great!

Sigurd, your brother, feels betrayed and annoyed that his father gave away his birthright, and decides there is no place for him and Clan Raven in this new united Norway. That's when Siguard, Eivor and Clan Raven decide to get their raid on and establish a new kingdom in England.


IGN's Assassin's Creed Valhalla complete strategy guide and walkthrough will lead you through every step of Assassin's Creed Valhalla from the title screen to the final credits, including every collectible location, boss strategy and more.

Unlike some of the previous Assassin's Creed titles, Valhalla has a much more centralized story following Evior's journey from Norway to England, and seeking to build out a new home for their viking clan by forming alliances to take over the four kingdoms around you.

Side Quests in AC Valhalla have been replaced by World Events, which are much smaller in scope so as not to dilute the narrative of the game.

Temple of Ceres Hidden Ones Bureau - Magas Codex, Page III

You can find the Temple of Ceres Bureau in Glowecestrescire, at the location marked in the picture above.

The Magas Codex, Page III is on the desk to the right.

Halfdan Ragnarsson

Perhaps the character with the most disparity in his two representations, Halfdan Ragnarsson is a very different character in Vikings than in Assassin's Creed Valhalla. On the left, fans see Hvitserk from Vikings, the second son of Ragnar and Aslaug, while on the right, players see Halfdan, the eldest son of Ragnar and Lagertha. These two characters are meant to be the same individual, yet they are markedly different. In the show, Hvitserk follows Ubba blindly for quite some time before eventually taking Ivarr's side in the conflict between the two brothers. In the game, Halfdan is the eldest of the bunch and an established king when Eivor meets him.

With this huge difference in background and age, the characters are almost nothing alike. Their appearance and personality are of two completely different people, and it's difficult to find any similarity between them. This character is the best example of just how little is truly known about these historical figures. The surviving sources are all biased for the most part, and there's a lot of conflicting information that makes it difficult to parse out what's really true and what's just myth. The ability to use the Animus to learn information like this would be huge for historians, so it's a shame that the characters make the mistake of not doing this in AC Valhalla.

Alfred the Great

The King of Wessex who finally turned back the tide of Norse invasion and became the only English king to ever earn the name "the Great" is often depicted as the big hero of this era. Valhalla, by contrast, sets him up as one of the principal villains. He's ruthless, scheming, shrewd, and lit with gloomy menace upon his throne. You don't get the sense that this is a guy to be messed with, but not because he's some righteous paragon of a noble kingdom. More so because you think he'd probably push you off of a rooftop and then sell your orphaned children for some tapestries. He's ambitious, and not beyond sacrificing his own people to get what he wants.

He's also attended by a "paladin", which was a name used in literature for the legendary companions of the Frankish Emperor Charlemagne and eventually ended up being a catch-all term for fantasy knights with holy missions. Not only would Alfred not have called his retainers that, but there&rsquos no evidence Charlemagne even used it. Sorry to burst your holy bubble.

Historically, Alfred turned back the advances of Guthrum into Wessex, which at the time was the only Anglo-Saxon kingdom which had not fallen under subjugation by the Northmen. When he arrives on the scene, then, you know trouble is coming. After all, it's a Viking game and he's probably history's most famous crusher of Vikings. His victories represented a major turning point in the Norse invasions of Britain, which would be slowly rolled back by Alfred and his successors and lead to the first unified Kingdom of England.

Like all Assassin's Creeds, Valhalla plays fast and loose with its historical characters and events, even when it's not focusing on the war between the Assassins and Templars. History is always the starting point, however, so even when you're leaping off towers and killing 30 people without breaking a sweat, there's still an air of authenticity. It's fantasy, but grounded in reality.