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Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque (Homs City)
The Khaled ibn al-Walid Mosque is a mosque in Hims, Syria, located in a park along Hama Street in ash-Shuhada Square. It is of recent construction compared to the city's major mosques, built by the Ottomans around 1908. Other sources claim it was originally built by the Mamluk sultan Baibars in the late 13th century and that it was renovated by the Ottomans.
The interior of the structure is mostly composed of a large prayer hall and the central dome is supported by four massive columns. In the corner of the interior is the mausoleum of Muslim general Khaled ibn al-Walid who led the Muslim conquest of Syria and after which the mosque is named.
His greatest strategic achievements were his swift conquest of the Persian Empire and conquest of Roman Syria within three years from 633 to 636, while his greatest tactical achievements were his successful double envelopment maneuver at Walaja and his decisive victories at Firaz, Ullais and Yarmouk.
Passing through the Syrian Desert, Khalid with his half of the army of 9,000 warriors entered Syria in June 634 and commanded the 23,000 strong Muslim army present there under the command of four generals, Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, Yazid ibn Abu Sufyan, Sharjeel bin Hosanna and 'Amr ibn al-'As.
The Muslims soon heard of the gathering of a Roman army at Ajnadayn said to be 90,000 strong, after which all the divisions of the Muslim army joined Khalid at Ajnadayn on 24 July 634, and the Muslim army became 32,000 in number.
Khalid defeated the Romans on 30 July 634 at the Battle of Ajnadayn.
and the Muslim army became 32,000 in number.
Khalid defeated the Romans on 30 July 634 at the Battle of Ajnadayn.
Battle of Yakosa in mid-August 634.
battle of Maraj-al-Safar on 19 August 634
Dismissal of Khalid from command
On 22 August 634, Abu Bakr died,
Battle of Abu-al-Quds on 15 October 634 CE
Battle of Fahal on the 23rd of January 635 CE.
Nothing happened until the third week of August in which the Battle of Yarmouk was fought.
The battle lasted 6 days during which Abu-Ubaida transferred the command of the entire army to Khalid. The Byzantine army was defeated on October 636 CE.
The siege of Jerusalem lasted four months after which the city agreed to surrender, but only to caliph Umar Ibn Al Khattab in person. Amr-bin al-Aas suggested that Khalid should be sent as caliph, because of his very strong resemblance with Caliph Umar. Khalid was recognized and eventually, Caliph Umar Ibn Al Khattab came and the
Jerusalem surrendered on April 637 CE.
The conquest of Marash city represented the end of Khalid's military career
Marash was conquered in autumn 638 CE.
He had wanted to die a martyr in the field of battle, and was apparently disappointed when he knew that he would die in bed.
Khalid put all the torment of his soul into one last, anguished sentence:
“ I fought in so many battles seeking martyrdom that there is no place in my body but have a stabbing mark by a spear , a sword or a dagger, and yet here I am, dying on my bed like an old camel dies. May the eyes of the cowards never sleep
Khalid died and was buried in 642 in Emesa (Homs), Syria
His tomb is now part of a mosque called Jamia Khalid ibn al-Walid
(Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque).
Let the women of the Banu Makhzum say what they will about Abu Sulaiman(Khalid), for they do not lie, over the likes of Abu Sulaiman weep those who weep."
Much of Khalid's strategical and tactical genius lies in his use of extreme methods.
To him a battle was not just a neat maneuver leading to a military victory, but an action of total violence ending in the annihilation of the enemy forces, in order to account for the numerical inferiority of his own forces.
double envelopment maneuver
The pincer movement or double envelopment is a basic element of military strategy which has been used, to some extent, in many wars, and is considered to be the consummate military maneuver, executed by Hannibal at the Battle of Cannae in 216 BC, over 2,200 years ago.
Tomb of Khalid ibn al-Waleed
The tomb of Khalid ibn al-Waleed (ضريح خالد بن الوليد) is located within the Mosque of Khalid ibn al-Waleed in Homs, Syria. Originally a small mosque was supposedly built adjacent to the mausoleum of Khalid ibn al-Walid in the 7th century CE. The shrine containing the tomb of the companion of prophet Muhammad was destroyed, circa 2013 CE, during the Syrian Civil War.
Tomb of Khalid ibn al-Waleed is considered to be a "significant pilgrimage center". Modern shrine of Khalid's tomb contains an ornate dome and interiors that depict over 50 victorious battles that he commanded. Starting in the Ayyubid period in Syria (1182–1260 CE), Homs has obtained fame as home of the purported tomb and mosque of Khalid. The 12th-century CE Arab traveler Ibn Jubayr (d. 1217) noted that the tomb contained the graves of Khalid and his son Abd al-Rahman.
Previous shrine dated back to the medieval times, and was renovated several times over the centuries until it was finally destroyed in the Civil War of Syria. Muslim tradition since the 12th century has placed Khalid's tomb in the city. The building was altered by the first Ayyubid sultan Saladin (r. 1171–1193) and again in the 13th century. During his 17th-century visit to the mausoleum, the Muslim scholar Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi agreed that Khalid was buried there but also noted an alternative Islamic tradition that the grave belonged to Mu'awiya's grandson Khalid ibn Yazid (d. 704).
Also known as Sayf Allah al-Maslul (Drawn Sword of God), Khalid ibn al-Walid was Islam&rsquos first great military commander and one of the greatest of all-time. He was born in 585 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad. Khalid was originally a commander for the Meccan tribe of Quraysh which was in opposition to Muhammad&rsquos clan. Indeed, Khalid played a pivotal role in the Battle of the Uhud against the Muslims in 625. However, his tribe signed a peace agreement of ten years with the Muslims at the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah in 628. Muhammad reportedly told Khalid&rsquos brother, Walid, that a âman like Khalid can&rsquot keep himself away from Islam for long.&rsquo Walid apparently wrote numerous letters to his brother urging him to convert his insistence proved worthwhile as Khalid ultimately converted to Islam.
He soon proved to be a worthy addition to the Muslim army and was named commander after three prominently leaders died during the Battle of Mu&rsquotah in 629. Khalid had to galvanize the troops during the battle against the Ghassanids and Byzantines, and he successfully transformed certain annihilation into a successful tactical retreat despite being severely outnumbered. He was given his âSword of God&rsquo name after this battle.
Over the next nine years, Khalid was involved in over one hundred battles and was never defeated. Upon the death of Muhammad, several of the strongest Arab tribes broke away and rebelled. Khalid was entrusted with the task of quelling the revolt which he did after a series of impressive victories. The end came at the Battle of Yamama in December 632. Abu Bakr was the first Muslim Caliph after Muhammad&rsquos death and set his sights on expanding the empire.
The result was an invasion of the Sassanid Empire of Persia which had been severely weakened after a quarter of a century of war with the Byzantines. Once again, Khalid defeated all before him and effectively destroyed the Persian Empire after capturing the fortress city of Firaz in 633. Abu Bakr recalled Khalid and ordered him to attack Roman Syria. This placed the Muslims in direct conflict with the Byzantine Empire. Khalid conquered Damascus in September 634 after a siege but was relieved of his command by his cousin Umar who had become the new Caliph.
He quickly realized his mistake after a Muslim army under the new commander was surrounded at Abu-al-Quds. Khalid was sent to rescue them and defeated the Byzantine and Christian Arab army he faced near the town. Further successes occurred soon after until Khalid won perhaps his greatest victory at the Battle of Yarmouk in 636. He destroyed the Byzantine army and ended their influence in the Levant. After more successful campaigns in Armenia and Anatolia, Khalid was a national hero and loved by his soldiers. However, he was dismissed from command after accusations of misappropriation of funds.
Khalid died in 642, and his tombstone shows a list of over 50 major battles he won. Not only was he unbeaten in combat, Khalid never even lost a skirmish or a duel! It was common for him and his trusted officers to challenge the commanders of enemy armies to a duel before battle. A win would ruin the morale of the opponents. The best military minds of two great empires couldn&rsquot produce a commander or even a soldier to beat this genius.
KHALID IBN AL-WALID MOSQUE
The Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque is a mosque in Homs, Syria, located in a park along Hama Street in ash-Shuhada Square. Noted for its Ottoman-Turkish architectural style, the mosque is dedicated to Khalid ibn al-Walid, an Arab military commander who led the Muslim conquest of Syria in the 7th century following the decisive Battle of Yarmouk, which put an end to Byzantine rule in Syria. His dome-topped mausoleum is located in a corner of the prayer hall and has served as a pilgrimage center. Two tall minarets with narrow galleries constructed of alternating horizontal rows of white and black stone are situated at the building’s northwestern and northeastern comers and reflect the traditional Islamic architecture style of the Levant.
The mosque is located in the Khaldiya district of Homs, the third largest city in Syria. It is situated in a park alongside Hama Street about 500 metres north of Shoukri al-Quwatli Street, 400 metres southwest of the National Hospital, and 300 metres from the souk at ash-Shouhada Square.
Mamluk ablaq-style stonework is used in the courtyard. The old cemetery, which at one time surrounded the mosque, was moved and in its place a large garden has been created.
A small mosque was supposedly built adjacent to the mausoleum of Khalid ibn al-Walid in the 7th century. The current interior shrine that contains Khalid’s tomb dates to the 11th century, and is considered to be a “significant pilgrimage center.”
Several sources state that the Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque was originally built around Khalid’s mausoleum during the reign of Mamluk sultan al-Zahir Baybars in 1265. The building was later restored during the reign of Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Khalil in 1291. According to local tradition, when Tamerlane invaded Syria in the early 15th century, he spared Homs from destruction because it contained the mosque and the mausoleum of Khalid ibn al-Walid, whom he held in great regard in light of Ibn al-Walid’s role as a companion of Islamic prophet Muhammad and a commander of the Muslim Arab army that conquered the city of Damascus and Byzantine Syria.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, during Ottoman rule, the Dandan family, the most prominent clan of the Arab Bani Khalid tribe, held a stake in the extended revenue shares of the mausoleum and the mosque. The Bani Khalid claimed descent from Ibn al-Walid and the accompanying tribes that participated in the conquest of Syria under his command. However, their claim of ancestry had been previously refuted by the Mamluk-era historian al-Qalqashandi.
The present-day mosque was built in the early 20th century, although some sources claim it dates to the late 19th century. Nazim Hussein Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Syria between 1895 and 1909, during the reign of Sultan Abd al-Hamid II, ordered the demolition of the Mamluk-era mosque for renovation. The renovation was completed in 1912, after Hussein Pasha’s term as governor ended. Thus, the current Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque is of relatively recent construction and is noted for its Ottoman architectural style. According to historian David Nicolle, the mosque’s construction by the Ottoman government was an attempt to maintain the allegiance of the increasingly restive Arab inhabitants of Syria. In later years Khalid was adopted as a hero and symbol of Arab nationalism.
As of 2007, activities in the mosque were organized by shaykhs Haytham al-Sa’id and Ahmad Mithqan. Stamps depicting the mosque have been issued in several denominations.
The mosque, which the Syrian government stated had been turned by the terrorists into an “arms and ammunition depot”, was abandoned by the terrorists on 27 July 2013. The mosque has been re-captured by the Syrian Arab Army.
The mosque is Ottoman in style: it contains a large courtyard, and the “walls are decorated in alternating bands of black and white stone”, i.e., Ablaq. It is distinguished by its two tall, white stone minarets, which have narrow galleries constructed of white and black stone, laid in alternate horizontal rows. Situated at the building’s northwestern and northeastern comers, they reflect a traditional Islamic architecture style of the Levant. The minarets and the window frames are made of white limestone. The building’s metal central dome is silver in color and reflects sunlight. It is supported by four massive columns, built in Mamluk ablaq style. In addition to the large central dome, there are nine smaller domes.
A large prayer hall forms much of the interior. The walls are made of basalt stone, a building material which is widely available in Homs. The mausoleum of Khalid ibn al-Walid is in one corner. Khalid’s tomb contains an ornate dome and interiors that depict over 50 victorious battles that he commanded. The body of Khalid ibn al-Walid was stored in a wooden sarcophagus carved with Kufic inscriptions and quoting the Quran. During renovation, the sarcophagus was moved to the National Museum in Damascus.
No services, no hope, just destruction in Syria's Homs
For as far back as one can remember, the Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque in the central Syrian city of Homs, was a majestic building where prayers were held daily, attracting visitors from all over the world.
Now everything has changed, nine years of grinding war have destroyed large parts of the mosque, ended the daily prayers and basically rendered the mosque abandoned as ordinary people are forbidden from entering its premises.
The destruction of this heritage site came in the wake of the popular revolution that broke out in early 2011 against Syrian regime leader Bashar al Assad. The mosque in Homs was a starting point for the escalating demonstrations that earned Homs the title, the &lsquocapital of the revolution&rsquo.
With the expansion of opposition control in 2012, Damascus demanded support from Iran and then Russia, which eventually expelled the opposition to northern Syria from late 2015 until 2017.
As the influence and presence of Muslim extremists grew within anti-Assad forces - especially those who believed that prayer was not permissible in mosques with shrines - there was a clear declaration of indifference for what was happening to the mosque and the shrine of Khalid ibn al-Walid.
A revered Islamic place
Khalid Ibn al-Walid was born in Mecca, present-day Saudi Arabia and was a commander in the service of the Prophet Muhammad who gave him the famous title &lsquoSayf Allah&rsquo (the Sword of God).
Ibn Al-Walid led the Islamic conquests in Iraq, then took control of Damascus and Homs in 636 AD and met with the Muslim armies in preparation for the battle of Yarmouk, in which Emperor Heraclius and his army of about 100,000 Byzantine soldiers were defeated by Walid who had a force of anywhere between 15,000-45,000 soldiers.
An inscription in the Khalid ibn-al Walid mosque. (Harun al Aswad / TRTWorld)
This display prompted Omar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, to isolate ibn al-Walid in order to stem people&rsquos infatuation with his heroism. The leader settled in Homs and died there, and since then, Homs is known as the city of Ibn al-Walid, and the neighbourhood surrounding the mausoleum known as the al-Khalidiya neighbourhood.
Homs was spared destruction in 1400 by Timur, the Mongol conqueror, because of the symbolism of ibn al-Walid's shrine.
The inscription on a plaque inside the mosque reads: "This is the famous companion [disciple] mosque, our master Khalid bin Al-Walid and its fixed shrine, the old building was built in 653 AH [1237 AD] by Sultan al-Zahir Baibars, then the administration of Sultan Abdul Hamid II Al-Othmani in 1318 AH issued a renewal of its building after its demolition, With the efforts of the people of virtue, so it was built The year 1363 [1943 AD] from the migration of the Master of the Messengers, God bless him, his family and all of his companions."
In the modern era
Residents of Homs have long been known for their humour and beauty, a local popular saying goes, 'Damascus and its water, Homs and its daughters'. It&rsquos also famous for its sweets and is the third-largest city in the country.
Although it is the birthplace of Assad's wife, its residents have been under the tight grip of state security since the massacres that killed thousands of opponents in the nearby city of Hama in 1982. The popular saying the &lsquowalls have ears&rsquo prevailed to push dissenters into silence.
A mosque guard, pictured, prevents civilians from entering the mosque and photographing it from the inside. (Harun al Aswad / TRTWorld)
The people of its southern neighbourhoods, who belong to the same Alawite sect that Assad belongs to, had broad authority and the governor was planning in 2007 to establish residential projects called the "dream of Homs" by demolishing civilian homes in the old neighbourhoods.
This pressure led people to gather at Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque Square in early 2011 and it became a starting point for the demonstrators who called one of their largest demonstrations &lsquoGood Friday&rsquo.
A massive revolution
The demonstration was a major turning point during which the protesters tore up the first pictures of Assad and his father and raised the ceiling of demands to overthrow Assad's rule after they were initially calling for the removal of corrupt officials.
The Mosque Square, which was the starting point for the largest demonstrations in Homs. (Harun al Aswad / TRTWorld)
Human Rights Watch estimated in 2011 that security forces had killed 587 civilians in Homs within four months, at that time the highest casualty rate in Syria, including 40 killed under torture, and 16 during the funeral of one of the dead in front of the ibn al-Walid mosque.
Amid these events, prominent activist Abdul Basit Al-Sarout emerged, who led mass demonstrations and later became a senior military commander before he was killed last year during a battle in northern Hama.
Many officers refused to confront civilians, defected from the Syrian Army and established the first Free Syrian Army battalions, most notably the Khalid bin Al-Walid and Al-Faruq Brigades, led by prominent leader Abd al-Razzaq Tlass, the first defecting officer.
In early 2012, Tlass led Syria's first battle against government forces, which lasted nearly 22 days in the Baba Amr neighbourhood, where Assad's attacks killed prominent American journalist Mary Colvin.
The square in front of the Khalid ibn al-Walid mosque, and the destroyed building of the labour pharmacy where the intelligence forces were stationed. (TRTWorld)
The battle for Homs became an existential battle for Iran, which together with Assad's forces, imposed a deadly siege that lasted nearly three years, prompting the rebels to engage in one-sided negotiations that expelled them to the north of the country.
Ibn al-Walid Mosque was in the midst of fierce battles, and rumours of a robbery spread to the shrine of Khalid bin Al-Walid, and the authorities sealed the mosque.
A joint report by ESCWA and the British University of St Andrews estimated the losses of the Syrian war at $442.4 billion and estimated that Homs is the fourth most destroyed city in the country.
&ldquoThe devastation is everywhere in Homs,&rdquo Iyad Baroudi, a 32-year-old father of three, told TRT World.
&ldquoMost of the buildings have been cracked, occasionally crumbling. Civilians are often seen sitting in front of their destroyed homes meditating or crying silently,&rdquo he added.
As the country's economy continues to collapse due to war, and fewer jobs, civilians are forced into unsafe choices.
"Civilians have been exhausted by rents, which forced some of them to live in their demolished homes in al-Khalidiya and the other neighbourhoods,&rdquo Baroudi said.
Interior of Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque and Khalidiya neighborhood of Homs, Syria damaged heavily after rocket and howitzer fire (2013). (Harun al Aswad / TRTWorld)
Yet Assad claims that conditions in the country are excellent. Last month, he held a conference in Damascus, in which he called for refugees to return.
&ldquoThere are no services, a government employee told my relatives that the plan to restore landlines in Khalidiya will not start before 2030,&rdquo Baroudi said.
&ldquoThere is no lighting at night, the litter attracts fierce dogs, which increases the fears of the people,&rdquo he added.
In July, the Homs City Council explained to state media that the action plan for the removal of damaged buildings amounts to about 1 billion Syrian pounds. Only 105 of the 840 properties have been removed.
However, Baroudi who uses a pseudonym for fear of retribution, explained that the repairs are concentrated only on the main roads.
&ldquoEvery morning I meditate on the destruction on my way to work, and every evening I dream of seeing life in Homs before I die,&rdquo he said
Harun al Aswad is a journalist and photographer from Damascus. He specializes in covering armed conflicts, humanitarian situations, and military and political developments in Syria. His work has been published in local Syrian and Arab newspapers and news outlets.
Homs – Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque حمص – مسجد خالد ابن الوليد
The Ottoman-era Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) is perhaps the most famous monument in the city of Homs (حمص). It houses the tomb of Khalid Ibn al-Walid (خالد ابن الوليد), one of the companions of Mohammed (محمد) and one of the most important commanders of early Muslim armies. Khalid Ibn al-Walid (خالد ابن الوليد) was born in Mecca (modern Saudi Arabia) in 592 and died in Homs (حمص) in 642. He was responsible for conquering much of modern-day Syria for Muslim forces, as well as winning substantial military victories in Arabia and along the Euphrates river in modern Iraq. These victories were widely attributed to the military tactics and strategies developed by him.
The site of Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) was originally a cemetery, with a small mosque constructed next to the tomb in the late 7th century. In 1265, during the Mamluk period, a larger mosque was constructed at the site. That mosque remained standing until the Ottoman governor Nazim Hussein Pasha ordered its demolition to begin construction of the present-day mosque, which itself is fairly modern. While the mosque was built between 1908 and 1913, the interior tomb dates back to the 11th century. The much older sarcophagus that contained the body of Khalid Ibn al-Walid (خالد ابن الوليد) was moved to the National Museum (المتحف الوطني) in Damascus (دمشق).
Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) follows the typical Ottoman plan with a large courtyard and fountain to the north of the prayer hall. There are two thin octagonal minarets on the northwest and northeast corners of the mosque built with white limestone. The facade of the entrance features alternating horizontal bands of white limestone and black basaltic stone, while the remaining exterior walls are mostly black basalt. The prayer hall is covered by a large central dome supported by four massive columns, and there are eight smaller domes surrounding it. The tomb is in the northwest corner of the prayer hall. The mosque is generally open at all times throughout the day, from the first morning prayer until the final evening prayer. Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) suffered significant damage during 2012-2014 fighting, however, and will be in need of substantial repairs in the coming years.
Getting There : Homs (حمص) is Syria’s third largest city and its central location means that it has regular bus connections to all major cities in Syria. Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque (مسجد خالد ابن الوليد) is located in the northern part of the city, approximately six hundred meters north of al-Nuri al-Kabir Mosque (جامع النوري الكبير) in the old city and one kilometer northeast of the clock tower in the city center. It located on the main street that enters the city from the north, where the major bus stations are also located.
Coordinates : 34°44.00″N / 36°42.00″E
Transliteration Variants : Khaled Ibn al-Walid Mosque
Rating : (5 / 10)
Tomb of Khalid-bin-Waleed (رضي الله عنه)
Khalid-bin-Waleed (رضي الله عنه), the companion of Rasulullah (ﷺ) and the greatest Muslim general to have lived is buried along with his son in a corner of this mosque in Homs. The mosque was partially destroyed in the ongoing war in Syria but has now been renovated. Khalid’s tombstone depicts a list of over 50 victorious battles that he commanded without defeat (not including small battles). A sword of his was also on display as well as a shield that was displayed outside.
- Prior to him accepting Islam, Khalid-bin-Waleed (رضي الله عنه) fought on the side of the Quraysh in the Battle of Uhud and it was his military manoeuvres that led to the deaths of 70 Sahabah.
- After embracing Islam, Khalid (رضي الله عنه) first took charge of a Muslim army at the Battle of Mu’ta after the three leaders appointed by the Prophet (ﷺ) had been martyred. He successfully commanded a protective withdrawal. Khalid (رضي الله عنه) broke 9 swords during combat in the battle and after the Battle of Mu’ta he was given the title ‘Saifullah‘ (Sword of Allah).
- He was one of the most successful military commanders of all time. He is noted for his military prowess, commanding the forces of the Prophet (ﷺ) and those of his immediate successors of the Rashidun Caliphate Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab. He has the distinction of being undefeated in over a hundred battles, against the numerically superior forces of the Byzantine Roman Empire, the Sassanid Persian Empire, and their allies. His greatest strategic achievements were his swift conquest of the Persian Empire’s Iraq and conquest of Roman Syria within three years from 633 to 636 CE, while his greatest tactical achievements were his successful double envelopment manoeuver at Walaja and his decisive victories at Yamamah, Ullais and Yarmouk.
- In 631 CE he participated in the farewell Hajj of the Prophet (ﷺ). According to a narration, when the Prophet (ﷺ) shaved his head, Khalid (رضي الله عنه) took some of his hairs. When asked by the Prophet (ﷺ) the reason for this, he replied, “I will keep these hairs with me forever as a relic so that they will help me be victorious in battles.“ Later he sewed those hairs in his cap, which he always wore under his turban.
- The tragedy of Khalid-bin-Waleed (رضي الله عنه) was to die on his bed. He himself narrates, “ I attended such-and-such a battle, and such-and-such a battle, proceeding (towards the enemies) and there is no spot of my body but that it has either a sword’s strike, a spear’s pierce or an arrow’s throw. And now I’m dying on my bed, in the same way as the camel dies. May the eyes of the cowards never sleep.”
- Scholars have commented that the reason he died a natural death was that he was ‘The Sword of Allah’ and thus it was not possible for him to be killed by another man.
- The Mosque of Khalid-bin-Waleed has been bombed during the Syrian civil war. This video shows the aftermath of the bombing of the mosque (in arabic):
- The mosque has now been renovated:
References: Men around the Messenger – Khalid Mohammed Khalid, Wikipedia.
Note that this entry has been shown for information purposes only. On no account should anybody pray to a grave or seek supplication through them as this is tantamount to committing shirk, associating partners with Allah (ﷻ)
No One Could Defeat Khalid Bin Waleed - 10 Incredible Facts
What an excellent servant of Allah: Khalid bin Waleed, one of the swords of Allah, unleashed against the unbelievers.
He earned the nickname "Sword Of Allah" especially after the battle of Mu'tah where he defeated the Byzantines.
|Khalid Ibn Al-Waleed|
|Born||592 CE, Mecca|
|Died||642 CE, Syria|
|Tomb||Khalid Ibn Waleed Mosque, Homs (Syria)|
|Virtue||Sword Of Allah (Saifullah)|
|Father||Waleed Ibn Al-Mugheera|
|Rank||Military General (Greatest)|
|Total Number Of Battles||100+ |
(Famous: Battle Of Yarmuk, Battle Of Mutah, Battle Of Uhud, Battle Of Ullais)
Khalid Bin Waleed was a warrior of such stature that even in his dying he wished that he could get martyred in the battlefield. He would usually say during his last days:
Syrian government captures mosque in Homs
DAMASCUS, Syria (AP) — Syrian government forces captured a historic mosque in the central city of Homs on Saturday, expelling rebel forces who had been in control of the 13th century landmark for more than a year and dealing a symbolic blow to opposition forces.
State-run news agency SANA quoted an unnamed military official as saying that troops took control of the Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque in the heavily disputed northern neighborhood of Khaldiyeh.
Syrian TV aired a report Saturday night with footage from inside the mosque, showing heavy damage and the tomb's dome knocked out. The footage showed debris strewn on the floor and a portion of the mosque appeared to have been burned.
The mosque, famous for its nine domes and two minarets, has been a symbol for rebels in the city that is known as "the capital of the revolution." On Monday, government troops shelled the mosque, damaging the tomb of Ibn al-Walid, a revered figure in Islam.
After capturing the strategic town of Qusair near the Lebanon border last month, government troops launched an offensive on rebel-held areas in Homs, Syria's third largest city, late in June. They have been pushing into Khaldiyeh and other neighborhoods in the Old City that have been under opposition control since 2011.
A Homs-based activist who identified himself only by his nickname, Abu Bilal, for fear of government reprisals, said troops entered the mosque area from the east. He said regime forces now control more than 60 percent of Khaldiyeh.
"There are very fast developments in Khaldiyeh," Abu Bilal told the Associated Press via Skype. He said he had no further details from local rebel commanders.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported heavy fighting around the mosque, saying the government troops are backed by members of Lebanon's Hezbollah group.
A journalist embedded with Syrian troops told the AP that a reporter for Iran's Arabic-language Al-Alam television station was wounded near the mosque. A sniper's bullet struck the thigh of journalist Roa al-Ali, the journalist said, asking his name not be made public as he wasn't authorized to give information to other media outlets.
On top of its symbolic value, Homs is also a geographic lynchpin in Syria. The main highway from Damascus to the north as well as the coastal region, which is a stronghold of President Bashar Assad's Alawite sect, runs through Homs. Both rebels and the regime place a high strategic value on the city.
And although Assad's forces have been on the offensive in recent months, activists say the regime wants to capture the entirety of Homs to include it in a potential future Alawite state — stretching from Homs to the coast — where Assad could make his last stand if the civil war swings against him.
Assad is a member of the Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam, while most of the rebels fighting to topple his regime are Sunnis.
Khaldiyeh had a population of about 80,000 but only some 2,000 remain there today as residents fled the violence. The heavy fighting over the past two years has destroyed wide areas and knocked down entire buildings.
Earlier Saturday, Syria's state media said talks between the Syrian government and a United Nations delegation tasked with investigating chemical weapons allegations in the nation's civil war have "resulted in an agreement on ways of moving forward."
Assad's government invited a U.N. team to visit Damascus earlier this month after requesting that the world body investigate an alleged chemical attack in Khan al-Assal, a village in the north. The Syrian regime and the rebels fighting to topple it accuse each other of using chemical agents in the March 19 incident, which killed 31 people.
Assad's government refused to have a possible inquiry include other alleged chemical attack sites in Homs, Damascus and elsewhere.
A joint statement by the foreign ministry and the U.N. that appeared Saturday on SANA's website said the meetings were "comprehensive and fruitful and resulted in an agreement on ways of moving forward."
It did not elaborate. The U.N. team couldn't be reached for comment.
Saturday's announcement on the possible U.N. probe agreement on Khan al-Assal coincided with government allegations that the rebels committed "a massacre" in the village, killing 123 "civilians and military personnel," according to a SANA report. SANA said others are still missing.
The report said "terrorists" were behind the recent killings in Khan al-Assal, a term the government uses for rebels. The Observatory previously said at least 150 government soldiers were killed on Monday and Tuesday there, some after they had surrendered.
A statement released by al-Qaida-linked Jabhat al-Nusra — or the Nusra Front — said 150 soldiers, pro-government gunmen and Shiite militiamen were killed in Khan al-Assal. The statement said fighters captured 63 soldiers alive but 55 of them fled. Nusra Front said its members killed 15 of them before 40 surrendered. The statement did not say if the 40 were still alive.
The conflicting claims could not be independently reconciled.
In Aleppo, a rocket fired by government forces into a rebel-held district killed at least 29 including 19 under the age of 18 and four women, the Observatory said Saturday. The attack happened Friday during government shelling in the Bab al-Nairab neighborhood of Aleppo.
Syria's conflict began in March 2011 largely as peaceful protests against Assad's rule. It escalated into a civil war after opposition supporters took up arms to fight a brutal government crackdown on dissent.
More than 100,000 people have been killed in the conflict, according to the U.N.'s recent estimate.
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Khalid ibn al-Walid
According to some sources, the siege is purported to have lasted some four or six months. The latter laid siege to Bosra with his army of 4, men. He immediately wrote a histort to Abu Ubaidah asking him to bring Khalid in front of the congregation, his turban, and take off his cap.
Retrieved from ” https: International Dictionary of Historic Places. He is also remembered for his decisive victories at YamamahUllaisand Firazhstory his tactical successes at Walaja and Yarmouk.
As Khalid was the architect of most of the early Muslim military doctrines,  he was also the pioneer of almost every major tactic that Muslims used during Early Islamic conquests. Believing a trap was waiting for them, the Byzantine troops did not pursue.
Story of Hazrat Khalid ibn al-Walid (Khalid bin Walid). Urdu & Hindi – video dailymotion
Tulaiha’s power was crushed after his remaining followers were defeated at the Battle of Ghamra. Although Umar later relieved wqleed of high command, he nevertheless remained the effective leader of the forces arrayed against the Byzantines during the early stages of the Byzantine—Arab Wars. One of Khalid’s major ln in this context was utilizing the individual skills of Arab Bedouin warriors to a larger scale.
The Battle of Ajnadayn is perhaps the best example of this form of psychological warfare.
Khalid respectfully greeted Muhammad and took the pledge of allegiance on him. At the age of five or six, histoyr returned to his parents in Mecca. His tomb is now part of a mosque called Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque.
Abu Ubaidah joined Khalid at Bosra and Khalid, as per the caliph’s instructions, took over the supreme command. May Allah have mercy on you, Abu Sulaiman Khalid. Musaylimaha claimant to prophethood, who had already defeated two Muslim armies. Once the region around Medinathe Islamic capital, was recaptured, Khalid entered Nejda stronghold of the Banu Tamim tribes. It is also recorded that once Umar was sitting with his companions, someone recalled Khalid, Umar reportedly said: Persian Historian Al-Tabari said:.
Khalid, gave a pledge of loyalty to the new caliph and continued service as an ordinary commander under Abu Ubaidah. He wrote to Emperor Heraclius, who was at Emesa that time, for reinforcement. In September C. Either return her to me on payment of ransom or give her to me as a gift, for honour is a strong element in your character. On his return from Arabia, Khalid received intelligence entailing a concentration of a large Persian army and Christian Arab auxiliaries.
On his way to Constantinople he had a narrow escape when Khalid, after the capturing Marashwas heading south towards Manbij.
He converted to Islamand joined Muhammad after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and participated in various expeditions for him, such as the Battle of Mu’tahwhich was the first battle between the Romans and the Muslims. In their mobility, Khalid’s troops had no match until the Mongol hordes of the 13th century. The expedition to Anatolia and Armenia marked the end of the military career of Khalid.